CULTURE

Foundation of our norms and values

TOURISM

Promoting our heritage

HISTORY

How it all started

HISTORY OF IDOFIN


Idofin is a town in Oke-Ero Local Government Area of Kwara State. The town was established by Abadofin Akinla (Atikunbonileja lotun) from Otun Ekiti in Ekiti State. He came with his wife and three children namely: Egosi (the ancestor of Ilegose people), Eruwa (the ancestor of Odo-Eru people) and Awaye (the ancestor of Igbon people) and some of his loyalists).
Abadofin Akinla was not only next to the oore (Oba) in the political hierarchy of the then Mobba-Otun but also the religious leader in the town. The name Idofin is derived from the founder, Abadofin. As a result of religious and political dispute, Abadofin Akinla migrated North of Mobba-Otun to establish his own settlement which he regarded as Mobba or satellite settlement to Mobba-Otun and referred to as Idofin-Mobba. This Idofin is the first settler in Ekiti Kwara around 16th Century.
After the establishment of Idofin-Mobba, the early settlers, established a monarchical system of government headed by a monarch (Oba) who wore and still wears beaded crown with frings. Abadofin Akinla became the first oba of Idofin Mobba and his religious functions were passed to his eldest son, Egosi.
Abadofin Akinla died and was succeeded by his eldest prince, Egosi who firmly established obaship and traditional administration of Idofin-mobba. Like it was and still is in otun where Abadofin was second in command to oore (the oba) of otun. Odofin, the corrupt form of Abadofin was second in command to oba of Idofin.
The post of Elegose became institutionalized and charge with the responsibility of royal ritual. Hence his function as the king maker. The Oba Odofin and Asanlu titles were not only promotional from Asanlu to odofin and odofin to oba but were also to be rotated among the three princes of Abadofin Akinla namely: Egosi, Eruwa and Awaye, the ancestors of Ilegose, Odo-Eru and Igbon ruling houses respectively in Idofin Mobba.
Thus while Egosi became the oba, his immediate brother Eruwa became odofin and Awaye the youngest became Asanlu.
The initial traditional council of Idofin-Mobba had the oba, Odofin and Asanlu in the council, since the time Idofin Mobba was founded around 16th Century to the second half of 18th Century, seven (7) obas ruled over Idofin Mobba (now Idofin-Igbana) alone:
1. Oba Akinla
2. Oba Egosi
3. Oba Eruwa
4. Oba Awaye
5. Oba Ilaju
6. Oba Olowu
7. Oba Okandobobata
The population of Idofin Mobba, the early immigrant swell up by others immigrants from Igbomina country; from Ora, Ajesepo, Oba, Oko, Omu Aran, Isin Igbesi, Olla other from Oyo (Igbana), Egbado, Egba, Ile-Oluji, Opin-Ekiti, Ilale, Ekan, Odo-Owa, Ilofa, Odo-Aga (Omo-Aro and Idabe) Isan Ekiti, Odo-Oba and so on around 17th to 18th century.
The later immigrant into Idofin-Mobba territory were the ancestors of the present Odo-Ashe community namely: Ogbolu from (Ife), Ilomo and Okoriko (Oyo), Aawo (Nupe), Ilafe (Nupe), Idabe (Ife), Ebinrin/Omo-Aro (Otun), Irodo (Iyagba) and Ilawu (Oro-Ago) and Ehinafo (Otun).
The first among the later immigrants were the Ogbolu people who migrated and settled at the North-Eastern base of Ilaju ridge in Mobba-Idofin during the reign of Oba Eruwa of Idofin-Mobba. According to history, Oba Eruwa discovered an unusual smoke near his settlement, traced its source and met the Ogbolu people. They (Ogbolu people) narrated their plights in respect of various problems in respect of their migrations, probably through Otun, Odo-Ere before they got to Idofin to Oba Eruwa who had sympathy on them and allow them to settle at a place called Ode-Ogbolu which is situated along the present Olla-Odo Aga road.
Overtime, the Ogbolu people became assimilated into Mobba-Idofin and their settlement was regarded as an integral part of Mobba-Idofin and giving them Idofin-Ogbolu, thus Ogbolu suffix to Idofin as Idofin-Ogbolu. Ogbolu people were the first settlers in the present Odo-Ashe to suffix Idofin to their name.
As unity continue between Idofin-Mobba and Idofin-Ogbolu, during the reign of Oba Okandobobata from Mobba, he divided Idofin into Eight wards namely: Eredo, Ebido, Igbon, Iketa in Idofin-Mobba and Aiyekale, Odo-Aga, Omo-Aro, Ehinafo, new name of their settlement after the wars in Idofin Ogbolu (Odo-Ashe) and Isapa town join as 9th ward, for political and security reasons.
Each of the wards was placed under a military commander called Elegbo, which met and still meets regularly up till the present time at a place called Isin, situated at the base of Oke-Are mountain in Idofin-Mobba now (Idofin Igbana). The Baba isale or patron of Elegbos is permanently from Iketa ward in Idofin-Igbana.
This military structural organization was in place before Yoruba civil war and Jihad war erupted.

AMALGAMATION OF THE OBASHIP INSTITUTION IN IDOFIN LAND

Apart from military re-organization, Oba Okandobobata also introduce Alaye to the initial traditional council of Idofin as Oba, Odofin, Asanlu and Alaye in the council. He however maintained the same promotional system to the obaship title. Thus Odofin was chosen from among the aborigines of Ogbolu people of Aiyekale, the Asanlu to be promoted to Odofin from Ehinafo (Alaye) and new Alaye from Odo-Aga, thus the rotation follows the pattern.
The past Obas who ruled Idofin land were:

S/N

NAME OF OBA

RULING HOUSE

WARD

TOWN

1st

Abadofin Akinla (Atikunbonilejalotun)

 

 

 

2nd

Egosi

Ilegose

Eredo

Igbana

3rd

Eruwa

Odo-Eru

Eredo

Igbana

4th

Awaye

Igbon

Igbon

Igbana

5th

Ilaju

Ilegose

Eredo

Igbana

6th

Olowu

Odo-Eru

Eredo

Igbana

7th

Okandobobafa
(Amowomole Adodo)

Igbon

Igbon

Igbana

8th

Inaromiku  Awolebi Opo

Ilomo

Aiyekale

Odo- Ashe

9th

Agbodidi Ogabonu Aribani
(1) Abeji bokunrin

Okenahun

Ehinafo

Odo- Ashe

10th

Abiye Pekun niwowo

Ilegose

Eredo

Igbana

11th

Amegbarukuta

Okoriko

Aiyekale

Odo- Ashe

12th

Adeyana Onibuowo

Omo-Aro

Odo-Aga

Odo-Ashe

13th

Akangbe Alomilogba
(Sopodiwura, soladigbigbe)

Odo-Eru

Eredo

Igbana

14th

Olalemi torodeboniaye Olanawoka (Aniyaloye Ibisantale)

Okoriko

Aiyekale

Odo-Ashe

15th

Jamu Fabiyi (Asunledoye)

Omo-Aro

Odo-Aga

Odo-Ashe

16th

Ishola Olowolagba

Igbon

Igbon

Igbana

17th

Awojanu Arojojoye

Ilomo

Aiyekale

Odo-Ashe


The kingmakers. These chiefs (Ejo Idofin) are:
i.        Elegose
ii.       Aro                       The three permanent king makers from Igbana
iii.      Onigobe      
iv.      Olomo – permanent member from Aiyekale
v.       Alaaye – permanent member from Ehinafo / Odo-Aga
vi.      Asanlu
vii.     Odofin           At any point in time, one of these was in Igbana and
viii.    Oba               two were at Odo-ashe

Four of these eight chiefs were at Igbana while four were at Odo-Ashe at any point in time at the time the oba was rotated between Igbana and Odo-Ashe.
At this end, the amalgamation of the Obaship institution in Idofin land break in 1974, Kwara state government intervened and directed the Irepodun/Ifelodun traditional council to resolve the issue. Thus, Idofin Igbana has her Oba and councils and Odo-Ashe has her own.
Idofin history in the 18th and 19th Century: In the earlier 18th Century, Yoruba civil was started ravage most of Igbomona and Ekiti country but Idofin has never subdue, it follow by Jihad war of Ilorin. This make the entire people of Idofin Mobba fled to Oke-Are mountain with a group from Odo-Aga fled to Eastern part of Oke-Are mountain for security reasons.
And entire Idofin-Ogbolu people fled to mountain Ojokolo (aiyekale) mountain Ore (Ehinafo/Omo-Aro) the rest of Odo-Aga to Ilafe hill, before the arrival of royal constabulary force of European that established her barrack at Idofin Mobba (proper) in 1895. People comes down from their various mountain they fled to for security reason.
In Idofin-Mobba, Odeyemi Oniku, a warrior, first came down from mountain Oke-Are to a place called Igbana (Agbana) where he stands as border controller for West and North East, which is now refer to as Igbana that substituted Mobba of Idofin in existing. Others follow in coming down from mountains dwellers to their present town. Likewise, Ogbolu people came down from their mountain dwellers to their various present towns: Aiyekale, Ehinafo and Odo-Aga.
Since then, Idofin-Igbana, referred to as Idofin (proper) by colonial master is the headquarter of Osi district in the Ilorin province of Northern Nigeria that now comprise Ekiti and Oke-Ero local government area.
But later, the headquarter move to Osi in the early 20th century probably due to economic and religion reason, rather than recommendation of D.H. Yussuf, new district head after Balogun Gambari’s Ajias. That the headquarters of the district have been moved from Idofin to Osi the later place being much more central. Idofin (on the hill) has for some time past been inclined to defy authority. This village which is of some importance being on the trade route to Patigi requires strict supervision. Because new district head do good work in 1912 – 13, Osi district assessment report but there are disturbances at Idofin during the period, they even refer Idofin to be a pagan village. But Idofin-Igbana is still the headquarter of Idofin district till present date. That was pre-colonial, colonial and post colonial era history of Idofin of Ekiti Kwara State of Nigeria.

Wards of Idofin moba and Idofin ogbolu which comprises communities and where they migrated from before they settled at Idofin lands.
THE THREE WARDS AT IDOFIN-ODO-ASHE (OGBOLU)


S/N

Wards

Communities Comprises and their Origin

1

Aiyekale Ward

Ilomo and Okoriko _ Oyo
Awo Groups: Ogbolu_ Ife
Awo - Nupe

2

Ehin _Afo Ward

Ehin  _   Afo -  Aye Ekiti             
Irodo  _   Yagba   
Oloje   _  Okoloke     
Ilobo    _  Oyo

3

Odo_Aga Ward

Ilora _ Ora
Ilafe Group: _ Idabe _ Ife / Isapa
Awu_Oro_Ago
Ilafe_Nupe_ Rore
Oponda _ Oponda
Odo_Ajangodo_Owa (Oro_Ago) Ajasepo
Omo_Aro    _ Aye Ekiti
Ebirin_ Akoko

 

THE FIVE WARDS AT IDOFIN IGANA (MOBA)


S/N

Wards

Communities Comprises and their Origin

1

 Eredo Ward

 Okelere _             Ere_Egbe
Okelegose_          Otun EKiti
Opoto Group:       Igbede _ Igbesi Alo
Ile Arogubdade_  Oko_Irese
Opoto_     Otun Ekiti
Moo – Ora
Igbana Group: Igbana _ OyoIgbana _ Oyo (Oyo)
Odoeta_Odo_Oba
Odo_Eru_Otun Ekiti
Odo_Agbede_ Ile Oluji
Ehin_Agbede_ Opin Ekiti
Odoloke Group - Odoloke -Otun Ekiti
Idabe_               Odo_Aga
One Other

2

 Ebido Ward

Ilomo_Omu_Aran
Iluji_Ile_Oluji
Ile_Olupo Group: Ilaro Ajasepo
Igobe_Ajasepo
Ijala _ Ajasepo

3

 Igbon Ward

Oke_Igbon_Otun Ekiti
Oke_Ahanyin_Otun Ekiti
Ilero _ Otun EKiti
Igbo_ogan_Oba_Igbomina
Iwoye_Omu_Aran
Ilade_Omu_Aran

4

Iketa Ward

Paa_   Alla
Odo_Oshe
Ilekan_Ekan Ekiti
Ilale_Ilale Ekiti
Iloba_Oba_Igbomina / Isapa
Ilukore _ Koro

5

Omo Aro Ward

Omo_Aro -  Odo Aga
Ehin_Afo_   Ehin_Afo

About fifteen communities at Idofin_Ogbolu (Odo_Ashe) and thirty three communities at Idofin Moba (Igbana).

THIS MAP SHOWS IDOFIN AND ITS SUBSIDIARY VILLAGES

 

ECONOMIC RESOURCES OF IDOFIN LAND

Mineral Resources in Idofin are Class A Metaliferous minerals of EPL applied for by two companies in 1943.

  • Company A: J.D.Robert with EPL No4489 and NoM4288. Company B: W.Gamra EPL 4473 and NoM4284 over 8 square miles of Idofin Igbana, Half mile south of Idofin Igbana in Osi district of Ilorin Province.
  • Other Minerals are marble, varieties of quartz, sand, limestone, orthoclase felspar, kaolin etc.
  • Agriculture; The large expanses Land of Idofin is very fertile for arable crops and cash crops such as Guinea corn maize, millet and rice, Tuber; yam in varieties and cassava, Cash crops, like cashew.
  • Lumber; Idofin is a home of timbers, both hard and soft wood, also Charcoal is abundant.

FESTIVALS IN IDOFIN LAND

  • Common festivals in Idofin land are new yam ritual, odun ile, odun ogun, Egungun elewe and oda, the spiritual leader of this common festivals is Elegose, first son of abadofin akinla, founder of Idofin kingdom which is institutionalised and passed on within the descendant s of abadofin ; thus is rotatig from egose father of ilegose – Eruwa (Odo-Eru) – Awaye (igbon). Ejo Idofin (Eight high chiefs) in which elegose is among them will decide the programme of the festivals.
  • 1. New yam ritual: Elegose with the rest Ejo Idofin will decide the period, after that he will proceed as a ritual leader; on the market day, he will go to market square with one other person, carry ritual calabash containing water, he would wear white apparel , tender palm tress leaves and a small bunch of tender palm tree leaves in form of broom, this broom would be deepened inside calabash containing water, and spalshing over market sqaure with prayers , he would take small portion of different items of commodity in the market and put them inside another calabash as the right, for three consecutive market days, after that, Oro (Agan) take over, then Elegose and others will go to some body yam farm, to harvest yam for this ritual. He would now carry one yam tuber tied with palm tree leaves, move round the entire communities of Idofin, chanting Pa bo jo suro, Omo ajepo. After this ritual, every body now have right to start eating new yam. It is a yearly base programme.
  • 2. Odun Ile: This period forbid, that no sound of drums (music instruments) should be heard in Idofin communities because, there is a taboo that kabiyesi (Oba) is pregnant. But, if there is a need to violate the rule something must be paying in terms of money or other form. The day Kabiyesi born, the rule would be broken, the drummers will come out with their drums to celebrate with Kabiyesi and the high Chiefs of the communities, with great feast , for about nine days in every years around the month of August.
  • 3. Odun Ogun: This is a period, all the young female folks will gather themselves in each wards to celebrate Suku-Show with great feast , is a yearly base programme around August to September for Fourteen days, after that, massive wedding will follow with great feasts for Seventeen days , whoever fails to wed between the scheluled period woud be next year.
  • 4. Egun gun elewe festival: This festival is a three years interval event programme, ritual leader lead the course with Isawo group to decide the period (day) it would start, while Oluawo, Olori-ikoi of erodo ward would offer a sacrifice of black goat to oduagba in the shrine , right there musqurade called by name Aroegun will follow them, with Esarun to market square with entertainment by Agbe drummers, after that, Aroegun will tell the public the day Egungun Elewe festival will commence but before Egungun Elewe commences, masquarades will be coming out every night prior to the last day which is normaly scheduled for Fifteen days in every wards of Idofin Moba, after Idofin Moba finished, Idofin Ogbolu, in every wards would start their own for Fifteen days again. Idofin do this festival to welcome their forefather that has died for long with a great feast.
  • 5. Oda: Is festival, with calabash use to collect sacrifices offerings during the festival feast at the end of long tunnel, one of the unfaithful priest of Oda die in the middle of the tunnel around Okuta-gba plateau where people coming and going between Idofin moba and Idofin Ogbolu path way, always drop somethings like, yam, salt, oil, okro, money etc. as willing sacrifices, the spot is there till present day, with continuation offering. Igba-oda (calabash) is always kept in the custody of Elegose the spiritual leader, descendant s of Abodofin Akinla founder of Idofin land, inside a small hut (ita-house) Other festivals in Idofin land; are Orisa Sango, Imole, Iwo, Oloofin, Epa, Ore, Ere-Ode, Igunnu, Ero-Omola and so on, celebrating by groups of people or clan, according to schedule period.
  • GEOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION OF IDOFIN

Idofin is the northern town of Ekiti land in Kwara State with sub-group of villages, located between latitude 515’E and 520’E and Longitude 811”N and 814’N approximately, with areas of about 25 square kilometres. It shares common boundary with Ifelodun LGA in north, Isin and Irepodun in the west, Ekiti and Oke-Ero LGA in the south and in the East with Kogi State. Idofin physical; there are high lands like Ojokolo, Oke-Are, Ore and Rivers like Ero-river with water sheld from Usi-Ekiti, River: Arobo, Oye, Akoro, Odo-Omu, Oluwo and Omipa, with their water sheld from Idofin moba (Igbana) where their names originated. The vegetation is of sub-tropical in the south and Guinea Savanna in the north. Climatic seasons of Idofin are wet and dry seasons. The soil are sand, clay and loamy soil, very good for farming.

 

  • ARCHAEOLOGICAL CHRONOLOGY OF IDOFIN LAND
  • During jihad war, Idofin has about sixteen abandoned settlements site to be observed ; In Idofin Moba –
  • CLANS SITES
    Oke-legose Ilaju
    Odo-Eru Ogba-Odo-Eru
    Igbon Ile-Igbon
    Opoto Ogba-Opoto
    Moo Ogba-Moo
    Ebido Ogba-Ebido
    Igbana Igbo-Ogun
    Odo-Agbede Ogba-Odo-Agbede
    Igbo-Ogan Ogba-Igbo-Ogan
    Iwoye Igbo-Iwoye
    Ilekan Igbo-Lekan
    Paa Ogba – Paa
    Iloba Igbo-Iloba
    Odoloke Ogba-Odoloke
    Ilale Ogba-Ilale
  • These are the major settlements sites of Idofin Moba before they fled to oke –are highland during jihad war. And major settlements site of Idofin Ogbolu during jihad war, before they fled to different highland is Ode-Ogbolu, situated along Olla-Odo-Aga road. After jihad war, it has four abandoned settlements sites namely; Oke-Are highland - Entire communities of Idofin moba and part Of Odo-Aga Ojokolo/Odole highland - Aiye kale, Ilafe hill - Odo-Aga, Ore hill - Ehin Afo and part of Odo-Aga. Both Idofin Moba and Idofin Ogbolu comes down to settle at their present towns some years back before the arrival of royal constabulary force of European that established her barracks at Idofin moba (proper) in 1895 and the relics of the barracks are still there till present day, also is a site for archaeological observation.

 

AGE GRADE IN IDOFIN COMMUNITY

In Idofin community, due recognition is given to the age-grades. The social statusand political functions performed by various individuals in the community aredetermined by age grade which the person belongs to, among the male folks. The children born in the same year or within the same period belongs to the same age grade (egbe) headed by olori (leader). The age grade started from bamimadiye group_adale_ikori_egbo_esan_agba1_agba2, although initiation rites start from ikori group headed by olori_ikori (leader) and promoted in order of sequence level or grouped above, at interval of nine or eleven years. The members of the age gradeperformed, social, political and security functions. They performed communalduties such as building of markets, clearing of the village road or foot path,warriors in term of any invaders to the community e.t.c.The female folks have no grade but (Ojomu) as the leader to lead the female folks,if community calls for them at any occasion.This system of age grade is the same with Ojo Town, system of age grade in OjoLocal Government Area of Lagos State.

Note of reference in relation to Ekiti

  1. G. C. Whitely: Assistant District Officer Ilorin Assessment Report 1916
  2. Mr. H. B. Hermonhedge pages 175 – 176
  3. Gazetteer of Ilorin province

      • Memorandum to Justice Ekundayo Chieftaincy Panel of 1978
      • G. C. Whitely & Burnet 1916 Ilorin Assessment Report
      • Memo submitted by Ekiti Welfare Association on the Creation of Ekiti Local Government in 1991
      • I.D.U (Idofin Development Union): History of the Establishment of Obaship Institution in Idofin
      • From Idol to Art: African Objects with power, a challenge for missionaries anthropologists and Museum curators by Harrie Leycen
      • Notes on Tribes of Nigeria (Northern Nigeria Tribes and Emirates) Page 390 - By Mr V.F. Biscoe and Mr P.M. Dwyer
  4. The integration of Igbo and Yoruba settlers in Ojo Community of Lagos State inthe 20th century, ‘For award of B.A, history and international studies,Unilorin by: Aminu RonkeJustina on June, 2013
A clocks and collectors said that when he replica watches liked the dead of night, he listened carefully to the ticking sound of rolex replica the mechanical texture of the clock, and the replica watches uk exhaustion of the day disappeared, and a great sense of uk replica watches satisfaction rose in the air.

History of Idofin in affiliation to Igbomina, Ajo Camp

Ajo Camp where some of Omu-Isanlu district (Click to read more)

 

HISTORY OF IGBANA (IDOFIN)

Idofin is a town in Oke-Ero Local (Click to read more)

ORIKI IGBANA (Idofin Kwara State)

Ija omo oniku loyo (Click to read more)